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The Oath

In July 1641, a bill was passed by the House of Commons requiring all males to sign an oath of allegiance to the Church of England. That oath read

"I, _________ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow and protest to maintain and defend, as far as lawfully I may, with my Life, Power, and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant Religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realm, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesty's Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as also the Power and Privileges of Parliaments, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and every person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as far as lawfully I may, I will oppose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiricies, or otherwise, do any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Fear nor other Respect, shall relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation."

The incumbents of every parish in the country had the duty of ensuring all of their parishioners signed the oath. Records of everyone who did, and didn't, were returned to Parliament in 1641. Those who refused to sign were known as Recusants.

The term "recusant" meant a non-conformist, one obstinate in refusal, especially to comply with the Anglican Church ritual, one who refused to acknowledge the supremacy of the sovereign in religious matters.


The Bunny Protestation Letter

The following is an extract of a letter from Thomas Parkyns and Gervas Pigot to Sir Thomas Hutchinson and Robert Sutton. It says that no subscriptions can be raised there being no recusants in Rushcliffe except a poor one at Sutton Bonnington. Due to absence, some people from Bunny, Bradmore and Keyworth did not take the oath.

?Worthy Gentlemen,

Wee have revew'd our Protesta~n. and reveiw'd your Polemeney; of both you may please to receave our Certificates for Rushcliffe Hundred, where beeing happily heretofore strengthned with Sir Tho. Hutchinsons good helpe, this part of your County was rais'd to the inst height, that wee are not able upon your revelws to advance our first suns to any Considerable value, though our wale to your service would easily have carried us further if our Wapentake could have affoarded better estates or have given us better informaffon. The Protesta~bn hath pass'd nullo recusants, except one Bond of Sutton Bonnington a poore beggerley recusant: some there are besides [as you may see in a little paper amongst your Certificates] of Bradmore, Boney, and Keyworth that have not taken it, but this wee impute to theire necessary absence when it was tender'd to those Parishes, rather then to any willing negkct, or willfull refusall; However wee meane agaire to propose it, and [if any deny it] to Certify- And thus wee hope our parts of this service is Compleated, which wee wish was as timely, as wee are Confident it is fully perform'd; wherein nevertheless your favours to us, and your favourable report to your house will excuse.

Your humble servants
Isham; Parkyns;
Nott. March, 22 1641 Gervase Pigot


The Bunny Protestation Return

Boney cum Bradmore

  • Archer, Thomas
  • Armesby, Thomas
  • Arnold, Richard
  • Baker, Henry
  • Baldock, William
  • Barrett, William
  • Barrow, William sen of Bradmore - Churchwarden, Recusant
  • Barrs, Christopher
  • Harston, Christopher
  • Battersby, Mark
  • Heck, William
  • Benett, Richard
  • Bond, William
  • Bowsworth, Thomas
  • Bradely, Arthur
  • Branson, George
  • Brearly, Richard
  • Brentney, John
  • Browne, George
  • Browne, Gregory
  • Browne, Percival
  • Browne, Richard
  • Brunt, John
  • Brunt, William
  • Brunt, William
  • Burrowes, Henry
  • Burrowes, Hugh
  • Burrowes, Robert
  • Butler, Emery
  • Butler, John
  • Butler, Richard
  • Butler, William
  • Cartwright, Robert - Churchwarden
  • Cartwright, Robert jun.
  • Caunt, Robert
  • Chamberlaine, Nicholas
  • Chamberlaine, Thomas
  • Chambers, John sen -
  • Chambers, John jun
  • Clifton, Thomas sen
  • Clifton, Thomas jun
  • Cobley, William
  • Corbett, John of Bradmore - Recusant
  • Cowe, Nathaniel
  • Creswell, Edward
  • Creswell, John
  • Davis, John
  • Dickinson, John
  • Dickinson, Thomas
  • Forster, Robert
  • Greene, Robert
  • Hallam, Edward
  • Hazard, John
  • Heapes, John
  • Henson, William
  • Hog, Robert
  • Hollinsworth, Thomas
  • Hooton, Laurence
  • Hopwell, William
  • Howard, John
  • James, Robert
  • Johnson, George
  • Johnson, Robert
  • Kempe, George
  • Kempe, Nicholas
  • King, George
  • Kirkby, George
  • Lane, James
  • Lane, John
  • Lees, Thomas
  • Lightfoote, Samuel - Vicar
  • Locker, Richard
  • Lovatt, Edward
  • Lovatt, Robert
  • Maples, Robert
  • Marshall, Francis
  • Marshall, William
  • Martin, Oliver
  • Millett, George
  • Millett, John
  • Mosley, Francis
  • Mylford, George Mr.
  • Nixon, Thomas
  • Nixon, William Mr.
  • Oxford, John
  • Parker, William sen
  • Parker, William jun
  • Peirson, William
  • Pendock, John Mr.
  • Pugson, Francis
  • Radford, Hugh
  • Redfeame, Nicholas
  • Rhodely, Richard sen
  • Rhodely, Richard jun
  • Rowsley, William
  • Sellars, Men Mr.
  • Seirson, William
  • Sheepheard, John
  • Sheepheard, Thomas
  • Sills, George of Bradmore - Churchwarden
  • Smith, Edward
  • Smith, John
  • Soresby, James
  • Stapleton, Bartholomew
  • Stevenson, Thomas sen
  • Stevenson, Thomas jun
  • Stevenson, William
  • Storer, Edward Mr.
  • Storer, William
  • Sweete. Edward of Bunny - Recusant
  • Thornton, William
  • Towle, James of Bradmore - Recusant
  • Treece, Richard
  • Tunicliff, William
  • Twinbury, Aden
  • Vincent, William
  • Walker, John
  • Walker, Richard
  • Waterhouse, John Overseer
  • Watson, William
  • Weane, Richard of Bunny - Recusant
  • Wells, William
  • Wheatley, Edward Constable
  • Wheately, William
  • Wild, Francis
  • Willimott, Gervas
  • Wright, John Overseer
  • Yarwood, Robert

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